The strikers seized the town and once again made common cause with various immigrant groups. But Foner says that the strikers tore down the fence near the water's edge. Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick were planning something that no one would ever expect. A labor strike with refusal to work and pickets ensued. In 1860, the city of Chicago had a mere 100,000 residents but by 1890 had exploded to harbor over one million people. Another 2,000 troops camped on the high ground overlooking the city.
However, the man who saw himself as a progressive businessman would always carry pain regarding the incident. The strike occurred after the Pullman Company cut wages and laid off many workers, and refused to lower rent for the company housing. Scabs had been assaulted in the street; a non-union boarding house dynamited. At midnight, the firm cleverly forestalled the men, and flatly declared a shut-down. The act also accelerated the decay of Indian culture but increased the population.
A year later, it was down to 8,000. The Homestead Act was passed by Congress in opposition to President Lincoln's lenient plan for reunification of the United States. Sniper towers with searchlights were constructed near each mill building, and high-pressure water cannons some capable of spraying boiling-hot liquid were placed at each entrance. The crowd responded in kind, killing two and wounding 12. Individuality was equated with wealth.
Such a foolish step -- contrary to my ideals, repugnant to every feeling of my nature. The flatcar hurtled down the rails toward the mill's wharf where the barges were docked. The striking workers were determined to keep the plant closed. Then the workmen opened fire on the detectives. He also drafted a notice which Frick never released withdrawing recognition of the union. Frick did what plenty of 19th-century businessmen did when they were battling unions. Gunfire broke out between the men on the barge and the workers on land.
The Homestead Strike of 1892 was one of the most bitterly fought industrial disputes in the history of U. Another 2,000 troops camped on the high ground overlooking the city. More than 5,000 men—most of them armed mill hands from the nearby South Side, Braddock and Duquesne works—arrived at the Homestead plant. The strikers seized the town and once again made common cause with various immigrant groups. In response, the more-skilled union members reacted with a strike designed to protect their historic position.
Men and women threw sand and stones at the Pinkerton agents, spat on them and beat them. Shortly thereafter, he also announced wage cuts for 325 employees. He was ruthless in the world of business and controlled the petroleum industry. The union balked at the reductions and Frick closed the plant on June 30. Strikers were happy to ferry them back to Pittsburgh in Edna.
The less seen and less heard one was, the less likely one was to get in trouble. . Strikers quickly mobilized the town and 10,000 townspeople, many of them armed, were there to greet the Pinkertons. Despite Carnegie's public pro-labor stance, Carnegie supported Frick's plans behind the scenes. When no collective bargaining agreement was reached on June 29, Frick locked the union out of the rest of the plant. The company locked out the union workers and hired nonunion labor and 300 armed guards. Meanwhile, the workers organized the town on a military basis.
The strikers were determined to keep the plant closed. Some in the crowd threw stones at the barges, but strike leaders shouted for restraint. Their discussions revolved not around law and order, but the safety of the Carnegie plant. The small group of high-paid workers that belonged to the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers helped battled the company over wages and rights of workers. They seized a raft, loaded it with oil-soaked timber and floated it toward the barges. On July 4, Frick formally requested that Sheriff William H. The barges, bought specifically for the Homestead lockout, contained sleeping quarters and kitchens and were intended to house the agents for the duration of the strike.
Homestead was placed under martial law, and by mid-August the mill was in full swing, employing 1,700 scab workers. More than 300 riflemen positioned themselves on the high ground and kept a steady stream of fire on the barges. Throughout the fall, workers maintained control of the town, though production was turned over entirely to scab labor, however poorly they worked. Born in Cornwall, England in 1834, Rowe lived with his parents for at least a decade in Wales, where he and his father John are listed as iron ore miners. He came in from New York, gained entrance to Frick's office, then shot and stabbed the executive.
By August, the Company had imported enough non-unionized labor to allow full production to begin. Strangers were challenged to give explanations for their presence in town; if one was not forthcoming, they were escorted outside the city limits. The battle was one of the most violent disputes in , third behind the and the. Pattison to attempt to persuade him that law and order had been restored in the town. They were given , placed on two specially-equipped and towed upriver. In this telling of the story of the strike, the workers battle for their rights, taking a literal stand on the grounds of the changing industrial landscape, as they fight to retain a voice in the negotiations over their future. The crowd shouted their approval.