The elevated areas receive sustained snowfall during winters. By April, many places experience daily temperatures exceeding 40 C 105 F. New Delhi - Average precipitation Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Prec. Climate-related natural disasters cause massive losses of Indian life and property. That's when the nights are cool and the days are filled with a little sunshine. Required clothing: Lightweight cotton clothing is advised throughout the year, with an umbrella or raincoat for the monsoon season.
This makes the Arabian Sea the western Indian Ocean near the African coast much warmer and the eastern Indian Ocean around Indonesia colder and drier. Finally, The northern mountainous areas can be classified as Cfa climate; a Temperated, humid climate with tha warmest month above 22°C. Also, some mountainous areas, especially in Himalayan regions, get cut off when roads are damaged by landslides and floods during heavy rains. Above 2,000 meters 6,500 feet , warm winter clothes, hiking boots, sunglasses, sunscreen. Northeast winds flow from the northeast toward the southwest, onto the land. In the case of the monsoon, the cause is primarily , due to the presence of highlands in the path of the winds.
The primary cause is believed to be the height of the Himalayas. The Western Himalayas offer great opportunities for adventure sports like trekking, hiking, white water rafting, and mountaineering during the summers. The result, denuded hillsides, exacerbates the severity of landslides, since tree cover impedes the downhill flow of water. Humid subtropical regions experience pronounced dry winters. Goa In Dabolim, in the former Portuguese colony of , precipitation reaches 2,900 mm 114 in per year, of which up to 995 mm 39 in fall in July. The most humid, the tropical wet monsoon climate, covers a strip of southwestern lowlands abutting the Malabar Coast, the Western Ghats, and southern Assam. The Himalayas and the Thar Desert strongly influence the climate of the country.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are Indian territory but lie off the coast of Thailand in the Bay of Bengal. It is a dry heat and is sometimes accompanied by dusty desert winds. At the highest altitudes, a warm jacket, a down jacket, a hat, gloves, a scarf. In the plains of north-west India, hot and dry winds, along with dust winds, are frequently experienced. The hottest weather is on the south-east coast.
Increased landslides and flooding are projected to impact such states as Assam. On the south-central coast Mumbai, Goa, Trivandrum, Chennai, Pondicherry , bring light clothing, a scarf for the breeze, a light sweatshirt for the evening; on the south-east coast Chennai, Pondicherry , a light raincoat or umbrella still in December. If you can only travel in summer, you can choose the northwest: in Rajasthan the monsoon is less intense; you will find hot and muggy weather and some downpours, usually not abundant. After the monsoon, the temperature in September and October rises slightly again, reaching 35 °C 95 °F in September and 36 °C 97 °F in October, and then drops again at the end of the year, down to 27 °C 81 °F in December. Due to ample monsoon rains, India has only one subtype of that climate, Cfa under the Köppen system.
Kolkata - Average temperatures Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Min °C 14 17 21 25 26 27 26 26 26 24 19 14 Max °C 26 29 34 36 36 34 32 32 32 32 29 26 Min °F 57 63 70 77 79 81 79 79 79 75 66 57 Max °F 79 84 93 97 97 93 90 90 90 90 84 79 The monsoon goes roughly from June 5 to October 15, but already in May, the first showers in the afternoon may occur. One major drawback of traveling during the monsoon is that most wildlife sanctuaries are closed. The dry, northeasterly , and their more extreme form, the , are interrupted by the northern shift in the and resultant southerly, rain-bearing winds during the summer. The disappearance of the monsoon marks the start of clear sunny skies, as well as the start of the tourist season, for most of India. Thus, Walker established the relationship between southern oscillation and quantities of monsoon rains in India.
Usually, the term monsoon is used to refer to the of a seasonally changing pattern, although technically there is also a dry phase. However, because of the which causes winds in the Northern Hemisphere to turn right, whereas winds in the Southern Hemisphere turn left , these southeast trade winds are deflected east in the , transforming into southwest trades. Many regions have starkly different microclimates. Here is the average precipitation. The Living Earth Book of Wind and Weather.
Cherrapunj, at 1,300 meters 4,250 feet above sea level, in the northeastern state of Meghalaya, is the rainiest place in the world: here 10,866 mm 428 in of rain fall per year, that is, almost 11 meters or 36 feet! The weather during the season is characterised by high day temperatures, but nights are pleasant with the mean minimum temperature going down to 20°C or even lower. In the interior peninsular regions, the mean daily temperature is recorded at 30-35°C. October is a peak month in the Indian festival season and many Indian families travel during , pushing up demand for transport and accommodations. Any fluctuations in the time distribution, spatial distribution, or quantity of the monsoon rains may lead to floods or droughts, causing the agricultural sector to suffer. And when coupled with the traditional theory based on the heating of sea and land , it enhances the explanation of the varying intensity of monsoon precipitation along the coastal regions with orographic barriers. Already in March the heat becomes intense, with an average maximum of 33 °C 91 °F , which rises to 41 °C 106 °F in May.
The Southern Oscillation is connected to la nina, which is a warm ocean current that flows past the Peruvian Coast. December and January constitute the coldest months, with mean temperatures of 10—15 °C 50—59 °F in Indian Himalayas. On average, a major Category 3 or higher cyclone develops every other year. Notably, a higher frequency of such disturbances in April correlates with a delayed monsoon onset thus extending summer in northwest India. Southwest winds blow onto the land from the southwest. Sharp temperature contrasts between sunny and shady slopes, high diurnal temperature variability, temperature inversions, and altitude-dependent variability in rainfall commonly occur. The unique , along with associated , , and factors, influence the behavior of the monsoon.