He was one of the earliest scientists to suggest that Earth spins on its axis. He raided through Indian territories with little mercy. All of them possessed dignity. There are various similarities in terms of achievements of the Gupta Empire to those of the Classical Greek or Egyptian civilizations. He banned hunting and other violent sports, ended indentured servitude, sent ambassadors and Buddhist missionaries throughout Asia and Europe and called for the building of extensive public works. The Huns then took over and all of India split up into individual kingdoms. Medical texts were revolutionary during the Gupta Empire as well.
Many puranas and shastras were composed and famous commentaries on sacred works appeared. The Gupta sculture thus enhanced the value of the Indian culture greatly. These achievements have left a lasting mark on the world. Aryabhatta also wrote Surya Siddhanta. The murals cover the walls of the 30 caves that make up an ancient Buddhist monastery in central India. The Guptas of Magadha A minor line of the Gupta clan continued to rule Magadha after the disintegration of the empire. The ottoman empire, much like austria-hungary, was a collection of multiple nations, groups of people, and when the new wave of nationalism started to take hold in the 1800's, it hit the ottomans too.
Tradition has led the people to believe that Kalidasa was one of the nine gems or Navaratna of the court of King Vikramaditya of Ujjayini. Paddy, wheat, fruits, sugarcane, bamboo was cultivated in the cultivable lands. Metallurgical science was far more advanced in India than in other countries. The famous Arabian tale about Aladdin and his magic lamp was inspired by a Gupta folktale. These numerals paved the way for scientific discoveries during the Gupta Empire as well as today.
Siva temples were constructed at many places, dedicated to Siva under His several names such as Mahadeva, Maheswara, Hara, Pasupati, etc. One of the best illustrations of Prakrit literature was the Paumacariyam. Guptas also maintained a navy, allowing them to control regional waters. It was a time when the creation of sculpture, painting and literature flourished. Popular subjects included deities and other religious topics.
Kalidasa : Kalidasa who is honoured as one of the greatest poets of the world, and is described as the Shakespeare of India, belonged to the Gupta period. The discovery of zero, infinty, decimal numbers, and also pi. It is believed that pi p was considered irrational during the Gupta rule. Gupta Empire The Gupta Empire was one of the largest political and military empires in ancient India. The Golden Age of India The prosperity of the Gupta Empire produced a golden age of cultural and scientific advancements. The most famous university was the Buddhist school at Nalanda, in northern India.
We still use this system today. The Guptas, being brave fighters, paid much devotion to this God for their victory in battles. But relationships of these persons in earlier empires from the east with the Imperial Guptas is not yet determined. Varahamihira was an astronomer, astrologer, and mathematician, whose main work is a treatise on mathematical astronomy. He also may have discovered that the moon and planets shine due to reflected sunlight. It was said to have healed sicknesses from stomach complaints to arthritis. Gutpa Poetry and Literature During the Gupta Empire literature was produced extensively.
They created great objects out of metal, including the iron pillar shown above. Historically, the best accounts of this comes not from the Hindus themselves but from Chinese and Western observers. The Sakuntala of Kalidasa has been regarded as the greatest of all the classical Sanskrit dramas. Majestic temples for various Hindu gods such as Vishnu, Siva, Surya and Kartikeya, as well as splendid shrines for the Buddha, and the Jaina Tirthankaras were erected in many parts of the country. The high points of this cultural creativity are magnificent and creative architecture, sculpture, and painting. The empire had a huge standing army of cavalry, infantry and war elephants. It was in the Gupta period that the Vedic Puranas achieved their final form.
He had written an account on his trip to India. This wonderful pillar has not got rusted through centuries of time, though exposed to rains and atmosphere. Lui Kang wrote of beautiful cities, fine hospitals and universities, and described a content and prosperous people. Another famous man of the age was Varahamihira. Archers were frequently protected by infantry equipped with shields, javelins, and longswords. Classes: Religion, Math, Astronomy, Science, Sanskrit, Art; Sculpture, Painting, Music, and Dancing. Article shared by : The glory of the culture of the Gupta Age rests on its many-sided and comprehensive character.
He established the principle of the place value of the first nine numbers and the use of zero. This Buddhist community stayed in these caves for about 400 years. Although they relied more on Greek astronomers, Gupta astronomers too made many discoveries on their own and in many cases arrived at conclusions that were more accurate and reliable than those of the Greeks. One example is the sculpture of the river deity, Ganga. According to Beye, Charles Rowan 1975 , Greek culture had deep influence on the Empire of Rome. The earlier Shunga of eastern central Indian and Satavahana of southern and central India have references to many officials bearing the surname Gupta.
They created decimals and the zero. The temple statue of Buddha reflects the same attention to clean lines and detail. Gupta mathematicians invented the decimal system and the numerals that most of the world uses today. They enabled busy traders to move easily from city to city within the large empire. Hindu doctors were especially skilled at performing surgery. The Gupta rulers encouraged such divines with admiration.