Words: 669 - Pages: 3. Several countries around the world have outlawed the practice of abortion. Hare tries to show that Kant's moral theory contains utilitarian elements and it can be properly asked if Kant could have been a utilitarian, though in fact he was not. There are people spread across both sides of the argument whose opinions vary in intensity and depend on different sources of information to back up their points of view. I am taking an Honors Philosophy course in Ethics. For example, if a patient suffers from arachnophobia then the treatment can be directed solely towards getting rid of the fear of spiders instead of referring to the client's previous or medical history.
Singer also addresses the distinction between abortion and infanticide on the one hand and comatose people on the other. Additionally, this paper will evaluate a case study and how the agency handled a particular situation, and the ethical choices they faced and made. The law thing is a good example. This formulation introduces the concept of doing something for the right reason not for an ulterior motive. But rather, some actions are morally wrong or good by itself. The model as 4 different elements that may be the cause of psychological abnormalities; viral infections, biochemistry, brain damage, genetic factors. Because there are differing opinions on the morality of abortion that come from religion, it makes them difficult to use as sources to argue one side or the other when different traditions support different sides like Judaism and Christianity.
We must firstly realize that in Utilitarianism there are no absolute rules that one must follow in a religion such as Christianity or Islam. However this part of the biological approach is a very small explanation of abnormality, and with large advancements modern medicine is becoming decreasingly unseen. This becomes a disadvantage because the fetus is not allowed any rights nor is it granted happiness because at this stage it does not experience a cognitive rational thought process. Outline and evaluate the Biological approach to abnormality The biological approach suggests that psychological disorders should be treated medically, as this model puts forward the idea that any psychological abnormality is causes by genetic factors and body malfunctions. The next type of conditioning is operant. In Hinduism, the belief is that one should make a decision based on what kind of effect it will have on all those involved. This means the general well being of society Preference Utilitarians consider the preferences of all affected by the action Weak Rule Utilitarians will draw up a general rule Is there any value in having a 'general rule' about abortion? It seems this is a question that has been asked several times.
But if by using the utilitarian approach we could see that by legalizing same-sex marriage we will not only benefit the people but also the economy. Words: 2117 - Pages: 9. There is no need to say that people have their arguments in favor as well as in against the abortion and both the views seem to be right in specific circumstances. The pro's of pro-life are that the baby gets a chance to live and experience life outside of the womb and maybe someone who is unable to have children will get the chance to be a mother or father if they. When a woman becomes pregnant and has a child it immediately becomes that woman's duty, or parents if both parents are involved, to take care of that child and protect it. It also assumes that the environment is the sole determining factor in behaviour.
Application of utilitarian theory We analyze the issue of abortion in different situations and the first one is extreme pro life position which says that abortion is unethical and should be considered illegal in all the situations. In any event, I'm still not clear on why preference-forming should be the test at all. One of the few religions to condone acts of abortion is Hinduism. John Stuart mill says that it is good to be an unsatisfied human being rather than a satisfied pig and it is good to be unsatisfied Socrates than a satisfied fool. Right and wrong aspects of any action are decided on the basis of pleasure and pain in this principle of john Stuart mill. This is not to say, however, that Hinduism is blindly accepting of all kinds of abortion. Social Philosophy and Policy, 26 1 , 286-326.
Utilitarian theory does not endorse such theories because greatest principle of happiness suggests that abortion does not make most people very happy. Nearly 44 million abortions are performed globally each year Sedgh, G. Apart from different opinions, law of a society has its own views on the issue which cannot be ignored. Judith Jarvis Thomson, 'A Defense of Abortion', in Peter Singer ed. Diversity makes the most sensitive issues settle in a grey area, rather than simply black or white. Animals are essential in our everyday lives. A common pro-choice argument is that the mother of a baby has a right to defend herself against personal threats Thomson, 1971.
An individual should then combine these thoughts with actions… 990 Words 4 Pages Introduction The section should be discussing the theory behind the reaction. What distinguishes utilitarianism from egoism has to do with the scope of the relevant consequences. Bentham and John Stuart Mill. I'd have to look up the details of his argument though. We also can expect to have the ability to plan our future families. Also, we have to put implications in the paper, such as consequences if our idea turned into law.
The views of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill are significant in illustrating the effects of a Utilitarian approach to abortion. Some thinkers place emphasis on the movement of the? However, suppose we meet a race of sapient aliens. The latter follows an opposite view in which the consequences of an action are what it makes an action moral. The first type of conditioning is classical. Your best one-stop source is probably. But it cannot simply be assumed that a woman's right to have an abortion is a question of individual liberty, for it must first be established that the aborted foetus is not a being worthy of protection. Existence critical in the health care field, certain roles and practices are being perceived… 2126 Words 9 Pages Consequence and Principles: Utilitarianism vs.
Eighty-three percent of these abortions occur in underdeveloped countries. When considering abortion, the foetus is the utility but the party whose interests are being taken into account are still undecided. It also emphasises the ends of abortion over its means; so it judges the rightness of abortion by the end result, possible pleasure, it produces. The entire theory is focused on the duty of people and how they submit to the duty that they have. Utilitarian theory also supports this view on the basis of greatest happiness principle. Now imagine that numbers of people will begging to prepare weeding plans if same-sex marriage became legal in all the states. In the case of abortion, we know that a lot of pain is directed to both the baby and the mother so it begs the question 'does the pain outweigh the pleasure in this situation? While souse carried out a study in 2010 where genomes of 1000 autistics and 1200 non autistic participants, results showed that autistic participants carry 20% more copy number variation which suggests that this may be caused due to genetics.
The utilitarian method is a straight forward way to determine the best possibilities of pleasure over pain for all involved. One thing to note is that the theory is a form of consequentialism: the right action is understood entirely in terms of consequences produced. On the other hand, a relativist approach could also lead to the correct moral choices. Abortion Ethical issues continue to weigh heavily in the way healthcare is delivered in the United States. Where 's the separating line between this and murdering a fetus or an adult? The major influence is social circumstances.