A resolution to impeach the president has to be passed by a two-thirds majority of the total number of members of the originating house. It can be extended by six months by repeated parliamentary approval-there is no maximum duration. However, the Right to Life and Personal Liberty cannot be suspended. The total number of valid votes decide how many votes will a candidate need in order to be declared winner. In 1988 many other offences, such as cruelty towards women, were included among those which would cause disqualification for standing for election. An election to fill a vacancy in the office of President occurring by reason of his death, resignation or removal, or otherwise shall be held as soon as possible after, and in no case later than six months from, the date of occurrence of the vacancy; and the person elected to fill the vacancy shall, subject to the provisions of Article 56, be entitled to hold office for the full term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office.
The government cannot start a project during the election period. His name should be proposed and seconded by the voters of that Constituency. The Legislative Assembly can be dissolved or may remain in suspended animation. Time of election Article 56 1 of the constitution provides that the president shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office. The election campaign normally ends 48 hours before the election. A single directly elected House was considered inadequate to meet the challenges before free India by the Constituent Assembly. According to Constitution of India, elections for the Parliament and the State Legislative Assemblies should take place every five years, unless a state of emergency has been declared.
However, even after the first round of counting, no candidate secures the required quota of votes, then the counting proceeds through a process of elimination and exclusion, whereby the candidate credited with the lowest number of first preferential votes in the first round is excluded and all his ballot papers are distributed among the remaining candidates on the basis of the second preferences marked in such ballots. He dismisses the judges if and only if the two Houses of the parliament pass resolutions to that effect by a two-thirds majority of the members present. Such a proclamation must be approved by the parliament with an at least two-thirds majority within one month. When either of the two Houses of the is not in session, and if the government feels the need for an immediate procedure, the president can promulgate ordinances which have the same force and effect as an act passed by parliament under its legislative powers. Decisions are made by majority vote.
Generally, when the candidates are just 2 or 3, it is by show of hands by the other students of the class, or sometimes through paper votes to find the most popular candidate. Similarly the weight of the votes of the members of Parliament is also worked out by a formula by dividing the total number of votes assigned to all the M. The voter's list contains the names of all those who are eligible to vote. Electorates consisting of citizens in a state above the age of 18 vote for their state representatives. The voters have to press the button against the name and symbol of the candidate they wish to vote for.
Voting is held by secret ballot. The president should take moral responsibility when an ordinance elapses automatically or is not approved by the parliament or violates the constitution. Advertising The President cannot be elected by the people of the state themselves. The representatives of states and Union Territories in the Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies in accordance with the system of proportional representation. Also, all money bills are referred to the president for approval. Still, following this, the , under the leadership of , undertook the process of drafting a completely new constitution for the country. In such cases, Presidents have used their discretion and directed Prime Ministerial aspirants to establish their credentials before being invited to form the government.
You must enclose a passport sized photo and a photocopy of relevant pages of the passport. This number is the number of votes per legislator in a given state. . State Legislature Elections Elections to the Legislative Assembly Vidhan Sabha are conducted in the same way the Lok Sabha elections are carried out. It is in fact 3. The total number of elected members of the legislative assembly is 230.
The Single Transferable Vote System follows the procedure of transferring the votes of the losing candidate to other candidates still in the race, minimizing the wastage of votes. If the emergency needs to be extended for more than three years, this can be achieved by a , as has happened in and. The Election Commission is responsible for the conduct of elections. These candidates compete against each other and people vote for the candidate of their liking depending upon the image of the party and the personal image of the candidate. According to Article 62, an election to fill a vacancy caused by the expiration of the term of office of President shall be completed before the expiration of the term.
Simply casting votes or indicating preference is not enough as the person with the most number of votes or first preference does not win the presidential election. The president is the foremost, most empowered and prompt defender of the constitution Article 60 , who has pre-emptive power for ensuring constitutionality in the actions of the executive or legislature. All important treaties and contracts are made in the President's name. Goel worked on this research at the Chemical Division of the. The States are vested with exclusive executive powers under the governance of the ruling political party.
Bringing laws in the form of ordinances has become a routine matter by the government and President, but the provisions made in Article 123 are meant for mitigating unusual circumstances where immediate action is inevitable when the extant provisions of the law are inadequate. The elector votes by marking the ballot paper with a rubber stamp on inside a screened compartment in the polling station. So the Party B opposition party in Loksabha assembly with 40 seats can get one member elected if the members give preference for a candidate as first preference. Are the 2nd preference votes for all who have voted even if his 1st preference vote has been counted? The candidates are required to file an account of the election expenses. In most cases, however, the president exercises his executive powers on the advice of the prime minister and the.